Relations between contemporary China and India have been characterised by border disputes, resulting in three major military conflicts — the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Chola incident in 1967, and the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish. However, the two sides have done a lot of work to achieve settlement of the issue. China hopes to make border areas “a bridge and bond” with India.
The major step taken to overcome the boundary dispute:
1. Declaration on principles for relations and comprehensive cooperation was signed and a special representative mechanism established to explore the framework of a boundary settlement from the political perspective in 2003.
2. An agreement on political parameters and guiding principles for the settlement of the China-India boundary question was signed in 2005. A strategic and cooperative partnership for peace and prosperity was also established.
3. With a visit of Chinese President Hu Jintao to India in 2006,a 10-pronged strategy for comprehensive development of the strategic and cooperative partnership was agreed upon.
4. In November 2013, both sides signed a Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) aimed at expanding on-the-ground engagement and formalising patrolling rules to prevent recurrence of stand-offs.
An early settlement serves interests of both China and India, and it is a strategic objective set by the two governments. China is ready to work with the Indian government to advance the process of negotiation so as to achieve a fair, reasonable framework acceptable to both sides so as to make the border areas into a bridge and bond between the two peoples to facilitate their exchanges and communication.