The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (also known as the National Solar Mission) is a major initiative of the Government of India and State Governments to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing India’s energy security challenges. It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change.
The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was launched on the 11th January, 2010 by the Prime Minister. The Mission has set the ambitious target of deploying 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022 is aimed at reducing the cost of solar power generation in the country through:
- Long term policy
- Large scale deployment goals
- Aggressive R&D
- Domestic production of critical raw materials, components and products
Mission will create an enabling policy framework to achieve the objective of establishing India as a global leader in solar energy, by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible. The immediate aim of the Mission is to focus on setting up an enabling environment for solar technology penetration in the country both at a centralized and decentralized level.
Why recently in news? (The Hindu)
India is forecast to see flat capacity addition in 2014 when compared with 2013 even as the global market may improve capacity by about 24 per cent in the current calendar year. Several factors are being cited for the slow growth in solar capacity addition:
- India’ trade dispute with the U.S. in the World Trade Organization.
- Frequent delays in State policies.
- Project economic viability stemming from reverse auctions that have pushed down project margins
- Lack of enforcement for renewable purchase obligation (RPO) norms
- The upcoming national elections
These factors are adding uncertainty to India’s solar market which may result in a slowdown in large-scale solar project installations.